The Carolingian minuscule had developed from the Roman Capitalis when lower case letters were ceated. The genesis of lower case letters was one of the most important events in the development of our western typeface which got thus finished.
The Carolingian minuscule was created at the court of Charlemagne by Alkuin from Ireland. It became the basis type of our today's lower case letters.
In Romanesque (950 - 1235) Ancient and Christian works were written with the Carolingian minuscule in the monastic writing rooms.
The transformation of the capital letter alphabet in the lower case letter alphabet is closely associated to uncials.
In the 14th and 15th century the humanist minuscule was created from the Carolingian minuscule in Italy.
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